Dr Gregory Brammer
As an expert physician who has worked in emergency care for many years, Dr. Gregory Brammer knows a thing or two about resuscitation.
Most scientific sources agree that the colder it is, the higher the chances of reviving someone will be, even well after the cardiac arrest has occurred. There are various remarkable cases often involving people who fell into ice-cold water, only to be revived 30, 40 or even 80 minutes after the accident. The phenomenon is medically proven, and has everything to do with metabolism.
The body and its cells need oxygen to survive. It is an intricate system built on energy input and transformation at the cellular level. Normally, the cells need a certain amount of energy. However, when the body is immersed in cold water, it defends itself by significantly reducing its own metabolism, and therefore its energy needs. That is why these stories are possible.
Cryonics Doesn’t Work (So Far)
If low temperatures improve the chances of resuscitation, could cryonics actually work? The answer is sadly no, or at least not at this moment. Science does not have a method to reverse cell death yet, and there may not be one. They can freeze a recently deceased person in a very efficient way, one that does not involve the formation of ice crystals that would significantly damage human tissue, but the rest is a huge question mark at best. Medical science does not seem to be particularly close to the answer, if one even exists.
Dr. Gregory Brammer hopes that one day science will have more answers to these burning questions.
As Dr. Gregory Brammer experienced on many occasions, violence at the emergency department is a frequently occurring phenomenon. Patients or visitors commit the vast majority of the assaults wherein health care workers are the victims. It is often a combination of drug alcohol abuse,as well as the heightened mental state that is unfortunately unavoidable during emergency care, that usually is the cause for violence in hospitals.
The Problem Is Real
While many of the assaults culminate in some grabbing and yelling, these episodes make patient care significantly harder. In an emergency situation, cooperation can be the difference between life and death, which is the main reason why it is so crucial to handle these situations as quickly and efficiently as possible. When more than 70% of the health care professionals can provide an account of some kind of assault, it is crucial to realize that the problem is real.
Reasons for the Increased Violence
Looking for reasons is a very diverse and dangerous discussion, mainly because it also involves socio-economic aspects that inevitably involve race and general social settings. The primary reasons almost assuredly involve a combination of the following:
–Increased gang activity
–Lack of access to psychological care
–The obvious link between emergency departments and drug-related arrests
–Internet-generated distrust towards medical professionals in addition to the increasing number of armed citizens.
The solution to this increasingly difficult problem has to come from the government. Changing laws is one of the possible political avenues that can help, along with increased budgets to allow hospitals to improve their security protocols. In any case, Dr. Gregory Brammer hopes that the situation can improve in the next couple of years, to foster a more ideal environment for patients to heal in where the medical staff is able to provide better care.
As an emergency care expert, Dr. Gregory Brammer had his fair share of cases where he helped people suffering from Rohypnol toxicity. Some of these people were young women who unfortunately had gone through unspeakable things. Rohypnol is often used as a rape drug because of its ability to cause drowsiness, sudden blackouts and memory loss.
How They Use It
The drug is used orally almost exclusively, often being slipped into the targeted person’s drink. There are occasions when users crush it before snorting similarly to cocaine, or smoking it, but in the vast majority of these cases, involuntary use is typically unusual.
What It Does
The main reason why Rohypnol got so much attention in the last couple of years was the fact that sexual predators have often used it to incapacitate their victims who were predominantly women. The drug has an extremely strong and sudden effect, causing drowsiness and blackouts, sometimes mere seconds after it enters the body. The other reason why these criminals use this drug is its effect on the memory. Rohypnol causes anterograde amnesia, which means that the victims often cannot remember anything, making the identification of the culprit much more difficult. When someone experiences the symptoms, it is very important to alert medical services and the police immediately.
Dr. Gregory Brammer hopes that parents and children will be more conscious about the devastating effects of this drug.